The agricultural production is in charge of peasant families; the literature specifies that there are between fifty and seventy thousand families that would be involved in this activity throughout the Altiplano; however, the production of real quinoa in the Southern Altiplano occupies only about 15,000 families (The Quinoa cluster in Bolivia: Competitive Diagnosis and Strategic Recommendations, September 2001, CAF, Fernando Crespo and the Model Document of the Productive Strategy of Quinoa, October 2001, World Bank).
Producers generate part of the necessary inputs, such as quinoa seeds; They collect the guano used as fertilizer and participate in post-harvest activities, such as threshing and desaponification. The productive techniques they use are mostly traditional and with very little technology incorporation. The collection of the grain is carried out by associations of producers that have storage infrastructure; by industrialists and specialized intermediaries, both in the domestic market and in the Peruvian or international markets. Carriers also play an important role in this activity as they bring supplies and merchandise to the region and buy quinoa to transport and sell it in the main cities.